A struggle for democracy: Scenes from Myanmar’s protests

A young woman with a megaphone bravely holds up a three-finger salute, the symbol of resistance in Myanmar, in front of a line of protesters on the streets of Yangon.

A mother cradles the framed portrait of her 24-year-old son who was killed by police in the brutal military crackdown and street violence that has now claimed the lives of nearly 250 people.

A woman wrapped in a white scarf kneels at the edge of a row of barbed wire which is all that separates her from a passing column of the military’s tanks.

These are a few of the powerful images captured by a former GroundTruth reporting fellow, Htoo Tay Zar, revealing in stark detail the intensity of Myanmar’s regression from democracy, which has turned bloody.

Ei Thinzar Maung, a political activist, is seen protesting along with labor union in Yangon on February 6, 2021.

The military, which seized power in a coup on February 1, increased its crackdown on peaceful protesters this week and as of Friday at least 235 people had been killed and more than 2,300 had been arrested, including 37 journalists, according to the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, an organization monitoring the crisis. The organization also warned that the death toll could be higher.

After arresting the country’s civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi, the military junta shut down mobile internet data last weekend and declared martial law in several regions, an attempt to stop protesters from gathering and sharing information with the outside world. In a country with a long history of jailing journalists for doing their job, the junta’s push has taken the attacks on the press to a new level: the military has raided several independent news organizations, revoked their licenses and arrested journalists on bogus charges, including correspondents for BBC and Associated Press.

At the same time, soldiers are responding with increased violence, evicting entire neighborhoods by force and targeting civilians, including those not participating in the protests, according to the Office for the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The coup also exacerbated the country’s economic woes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, with food and fuel prices skyrocketing and entire sectors paralyzed.

Despite these risks, thousands have taken to the streets to protest peacefully and defend the small democratic gains the country had achieved in the past few years. This photo essay captures their courage and defiance in the face of mortal danger.

Tay Zar has been photographing the crisis from the beginning. Using a 1990s-era Hasselblad, Tay Zar feels that the analog film camera allows him to concentrate more on the photography, rather than the battery life and delicate auto-focus mechanisms of digital cameras, especially when facing riot police with water cannons. “The water cannons can only damage the film roll, not the camera,” said Tay Zar.

Tay Zar was a GroundTruth fellow in 2013, and has been mentored by GroundTruth co-founder Gary Knight, as well as legendary photographer Philip Blenkinsop.

“I would like to show the world how the military is slaughtering its own people for power,” Tay Zar said. “It’s been 46 days already since they seized power and over 236 people died for protesting. It’s on average five people being killed everyday here.”

The nationwide anti-coup rally has become the biggest rally since the 1988 uprising in Myanmar.
A young protestor pleads with soldiers during an anti-coup protest in Yangon on Feb. 15, 2021.
Police searching residential buildings while arresting protestors and journalists during the crackdown on the anti-coup rally. Many protestors and 2 journalists were detained during their raid in San Chaung township on February 27 2021.
La Min Oo, 24, was shot dead by security forces on March 15, 2021. He is one of 38 protestors killed on that day alone.
People block the police force crackdown using shields made from plastic and steel barrels even though the security forces are using live ammunition.
A memorial for Chit Min Thu, 24, who was shot dead with by the Burmese military on March 11, 2021.
Protestors flee from tear gas fired by security forces in Yangon.
Protestors fall back as police launch teargas grenades during a crackdown on anti-coup rally in Yangon.
Police arrive to raid a residential ward to arrest protestors in San Chaung township, Yangon.
The sister of Chit Min Thu, 24, mourns during the funeral service in Yangon. Chit Min Thu was shot dead by 77th Light Infantary Division troops in Yangon.
The mother of Chit Min Thu, 24, mourns during the funeral service in Yangon.
Protestors gather in front of Yangon’s city hall during the anti-coup rally as soldiers look out from the balcony.
Barricades burn as security forces set fires in Insein township.
Protestors urging civil servant workers to join civil disobedience movements as military secures the Central Bank of Myanmar in Yangon.
Protestors demand to free state counselor Aung San Suu Kyi during the anti-coup rally.
A riot police officer stands guard in front of Yangon City Hall.