By Selena Ross

 

WASHINGTON — Here’s a fact-based snapshot of Ethiopia, one of the eight countries that the U.S. government has spotlighted in its initial work through the Global Health Initiative.

 

ETHIOPIA

 

Total GHI spending:
FY 2009: $397 million
FY 2010: $411 million

 

Total population: 91 million
GDP per capita: $321

 

Maternal mortality per 100,000 live births: 673
Number of children under 5 who die per year: nearly 500,000

 

Major health concerns in the country:
1) Infectious disease, including tuberculosis and diarrheal diseases
2) High rate of maternal and infant mortality
3) Two-thirds of the population is at risk for malaria, with 5 million cases per year

 

GHI’s main goals: Streamline different types of health services and put the savings toward extending health care throughout the country; reduce the number of maternal and child deaths by about one-third by 2015 and tuberculosis deaths by half; send four times more fever cases for lab testing by 2014 in order to identify and treat malaria

 

GHI on the ground: With GHI funding, Ethiopia intends to hire more than 5,000 new midwives by 2015, as well as 9,000 “health information technicians” who will monitor health data. On-the-spot malaria testing kits will also be distributed to 13,000 health workers.

 

(Sources: CIA; GHI country strategy documents; Kaiser Family Foundation; UN; www.foreignassistance.gov)

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